Computer Mediated Communication


One of the more effective uses of CMC or computer mediated communication is being able to locate personages. The right personages, we might add, who have the necessary skills for collaboration.

Collaboration for a project, may it be in marketing, economic trend prediction or Internet infrastructure creation is a vital yet difficult task. The overarching principle here is that most system architectures have become vital to the very existence of business and economy.

Special system architectures

According to Laurence Press, from the California State University at the Dominguez Hills:

“The architectures considered are special interest groups, centralized servers, and decentralized systems. The organizational implications are the value to organizations of people-finding systems, management incentives for individuals to participate in them, and participation in the absence of apparent incentives.”

“The deployment and improvement of people-finding and other CMC systems will bestow a marginal advantage upon cooperative individuals and organizations with cooperative cultures. As a result, CMC may marginally alter organizational and human nature, nudging us in the direction of a time when nice guys finish first.”

On data retrieval through systems

Data retrieval is proving to be one of the most vital and core components of computing and business. No other function has proven to be as important as information storage and its systematic retrieval.

Even back in 1989, Cuadra had been able to locate and annotate over two thousand databases that have been online. The geographic spatial coordinates have been found to be both local and international.

Transactions using CMC

There is but one important type of computer mediation mode of communication that has spawned literally a new culture of finding people you need: the electronic mail.

Laurence Press explains in a more detailed manner:

“We can consider two types of CMC transaction: mail messages for a specific person and queries in which you are trying to meet a previously unknown person with skills or knowledge you need. In the former case, you may or may not know the email address of

the person you wish to communicate with.”

“If you do not, the Internet has several systems for finding addresses. If the person’s name and host are known, the Finger protocol or a message to the system postmaster may be used. If not, “white pages” services such as Whois, Knowbot, and NetFind may help.”

Organizational values

The rehashing of organization values is the consequence of newer means of finding the right people for a task at hand. Because of the lessening dependence of business on so-called “people-ware”, the autonomy is palpably felt.

On the Internet, the proliferation of vast databases for employment is one key result of this technological advancement in data retrieval and computer mediated communication.

The effect is seen immediately: the act of finding work no longer translates to long physical lines, but to online transactions mediated by large business databases.

Employers and potential employees are now encouraged to post vital information on wide retrievable databases. Upon command, criteria for possible employment are used to track down the personages that would fit the job description.


Source by Benedict Yossarian

4 Step Marketing System


Billion dollar direct marketing companies use a 4-step marketing system process to attract prospects and customers and you should too. Here are the 4 steps:

1. Billion dollar direct marketing companies offer free consumer information to attract potentials customers. That’s why you see TV infomercials and commercials offering a free consumer guide, free information kit, free DVD, free book, free report, free sample product, etc.

2. Billion dollar direct marketing companies offer free information by having potential customers pick up the phone and call in to get the free information, either by speaking to a live person to take their request, or by calling a special 24-hour recorded information hot line. This allows them to build a list of the most interested prospects. This is how the customer attraction process begins.

3. Billion dollar direct marketing companies want to send potential customers the requested free information by mail. Direct mail has a 98% deliverability rate, while email deliverability is 30% to 40% with a low email open rate. Direct mail makes more money than TV, radio, Internet, newspapers, magazine advertising – combined! Plus, there are no spam laws for direct mail, which brings us to the last phase.

4. Billion dollar direct marketing companies want your mailing address, so they can deliver the initial requested free package, and so they can continue market their products and services through a series of multi-step direct mail marketing campaigns to make the sale. This offline marketing strategy may also be combined with online marketing follow-up.


Source by Alfred B Johnson

Home Architecture-Latest Trends In 2007


Just as the famous fashion shows in Paris, New York and Milan bring out the chic part in all of us, when we come to take about home architecture the design frenzy takes over the minds of all those who enjoy having a comfortable and fancy home. So what will the New Year bring in terms of home architecture trends? One thing is for sure: the new visions of home architecture will undoubtedly revolutionize your house and make you the fanciest house-owner on your street.

Home architecture for 2007 announces to be really extraordinary, a mélange of classy, good taste furniture design, applied to neutral and soft wall colors. The keyword for the future home architecture is, without doubt, posh. And the most important feature that you should take into account when planning your home architecture is the aspect of socializing. Top designers in home architecture stipulate that by May 2007, most home architecture enthusiasts will be out shopping for those new pieces to make their homes gorgeous.

The new trends in home architecture are designed for the sophisticated customers, those who understand that being unique will make a difference. Accordingly, home architecture specialists expect owners to cut down on patterns and improvise in order to make their homes appealing and comfortable. Whether we’re talking of the wire cables sustained floating bed or the sleek stainless steel kitchen appliances, home architecture is bound to come with that polished touch we’ve all been dreaming about. Home architecture has to be ecologically sensitive, this way up-to-date with the community problem-solving issues, so try using natural materials for furniture and appliances.

Moreover, the futuristic ideas for home architecture include relevant solution for interior space expansion. Large spaces are the new fashion and designers have come up with knock-out suggestions on how to make your home look bigger than it is. For instance, you could think of having an open space kitchen, with an urbane shade, organized around a thick red mahogany island. This way, while cooking, you can easily socialize with the guests in the living room, without having to shout to make you heard. Home architecture trends for next year introduce a call to arms for chill-out times and spending quality time with family and friends.

The unspoken rules of 2007 home architecture request a neutral color palette to contrast with the colorful furniture items and high-tech devices. You could paint your bedroom or living room in a pale green hue or calm beige, but make sure that your bed or your couch is a strong personality color, or else you will lose the original note required by home architecture specialists. Light bathing, plenty of flowers to cheer up the place and cozy furniture to go with the futuristic technology are just a few hints at how you have your house up to the new home architecture standards, but what it really matters is that you embellish your home with originality.

Copyright © 2007 Joel Teo. All rights reserved. (You may publish this article in its entirety with the following author’s information with live links only.)


Source by Joel Teo

Advantages of Landscape Architecture Design and Drawings


Landscape Design tools and software helps make home owner landscaping a reality with the best resources available in all areas of landscape design pictures from landscaping ideas and design to finishing touches. Should it is for the Waterfront improvement projects, parks and playgrounds or shopping centre, there will surely be available design tools/software which can be utilized to address the required landscape design and drawing requirements.

AutoCAD assists clients in their Landscape Drawing tasks by utilizing a wide variety of CAD software such as AutoCAD (Version -14 to 2005), Micro Station ADT, MDT, Inventor, Pro-E, Solid Edge, Solid Works, MS Visio, and 2020. Other than AutoCAD, other useful design tools which can be found are Coreldraw (CDR), Adobe Illustrator (AI), ArchiCAD, etc.

Landscape architecture design is an advanced and fresh concept in residential landscape architectural segment representing a mix of science, arts and technical values that addresses critical issues related to Earth’s landscapes. It also involves close study and investigation of the proposed landscape site.

The Key Benefits of Landscape Design and Drawings Services:

• High accuracy
• Competitive pricing
• High data security
• Helps clients to drastically reduce their operating expenses
• Quick Turn-around
• Advanced technology
• Highly skilled professionals with readily assessable expertise and skill sets

Some companies offer solutions in the field of Landscape architectural to others. These companies serve as a strategic partner to the companies as they have the experience, qualifications and skill which enable the effective solutions delivery to the landscape architects, developers & contractors within very demanding time and budget constraints.
These are some of the popular services offered by the out-sourcing partner,

-> Architectural renderings for various landscape amenities
-> Drawings for Green roof design & Tree preservation
-> CAD design for Drainage improvements, lighting, etc
-> 3D CAD modeling & drafting services
-> Compliance with local authorities & Coordination with your team
-> Elevations
-> Foundation Plans
-> Wall Sections, etc
>> Raster-to-Vector Conversion
>> Landscape architecture drawings
>> Interior rendering/planning drawings
>> Detailing of Interiors
-> Reflected Ceiling
-> Power distribution
-> Communication points
-> Plumbing, HVAC etc
>> CAD conversion services

Some companies have claimed that they would save up to 60% cost by outsourcing their CAD design and other landscape design needs to professional design service partner whom are equipped with the required skills to fulfill the required needs.


Source by Elaine Ee Lee

History of Accounting


Accounting is one of the oldest professions. The history of accounting dates back to the earliest days of civilization driven by the trade system of crops and products necessary for survival. As the barter system expanded to include monetary exchange, methods were formalized by 2000 BC. To include the creation of accurate records of the quantities and relative values.

Influence of Earliest Accountants

Through archaeological discoveries of artifacts, researchers are learning more about the true influence the earliest accountants had on civilization. Through their discoveries, archeologists have discovered accountants participated in the development of:

o trade – expand market for and access to goods and services

o cities – as trade grew, so did the marketplace

o concepts of wealth and numbers – personal and governmental planning

o writing – understandable system of accurate recordkeeping

o double entry bookkeeping – associated with birth of Italian Renaissance

o money and banking – helped businesses avoid bankruptcy in Industrial Revolution

Father of Accounting

The history of accounting is not complete without Luca Pacioli (1445 – 1517), also known as Friar Luca dal Borgo and the “Father of Accounting”. Pacioli is credited for the “birth” of accounting. In 1494, he wrote a textbook that was a compilation of the mathematical and accounting knowledge of his time. His textbook provided the first printed description of the double-entry accounting system used by Venetian merchants in the late 15th century including a similar accounting cycle as we know it today. The system described journals and ledgers with sections for assets, liabilities, capital, income, and expenses found on the modern accounting balance sheet.

Modern Accounting

As civilization evolved, businesses grew and so did capital markets and with that…accountability. Successes depended more and more on accurate and dependable financial documents. Through time, the role of the accountant has become an integral part of almost every aspect of day-to-day business and governmental regulation. The history has led modern accounting to become a global, real-time integrated information system driving the direction of accounting expertise and emphasis on the importance of the accounting profession.


Source by Erik Jonson

Creating Printed Materials For Healthcare Marketing Professionals


Many times, marketing or advertising agencies have a broad range of clients. As a result, the marketing professionals that work for the company need to know how to extend their knowledge to accurately represent all types of brands and organizations. Because different marketing methods are employed depending on the type of client, it can sometimes be hard for a non-specialized marketing agency to accurately market and gain business for every organization or company they represent. For instance, one would go about marketing a non-profit differently than a restaurant, and also differently from a healthcare facility.

The healthcare field is one such field that needs to be marketed differently. For those looking to get the word out or re-brand their healthcare organization, it’s a good idea to turn to healthcare marketing professionals with vast experience in the field. With an organization that focuses specifically on healthcare marketing, clients can expect great results that successfully advertise their name to the public and ultimately increase their facility’s ROI.

Let Marketing Professionals Handle It

The hallmark of many healthcare facilities is printed materials including newsletters, magazines and collateral marketing materials. It can take a lot of time, money, and effort to create beautiful, error-free publications that are easy to read, appeal to a target audience, and are well designed. Those in the healthcare field, even in an administrative or managerial role, often don’t have the time, marketing know-how, or technical printing background to effectively market and brand an organization.

With an agency that specializes in healthcare marketing, clients can rest assured knowing that their healthcare facility will be advertised to the right people, the right way. Healthcare marketing professionals can help create and distribute content relevant to each specific healthcare field. Whether it is in the form of newsletters, in-house magazines, or physician publications, the content created by these marketing professionals will improve your relationship with your target audience.

Printing for Healthcare Marketing Clients

Healthcare marketing professionals may focus on healthcare, but the basis of their education is in effective marketing. Marketing agencies are made up of experienced writers who can promote healthcare organizations and successfully communicate their benefits and features to clients, doctors, and potential customers. Graphic and web designers can create beautiful, eye-catching newsletters, magazines, and web pages to go with the compelling text. And healthcare advertising professionals know how to properly prepare a document for print, and where to go for the most cost-effective yet professional print job.

Newsletters sent to clients or patients are a great way to let them know about upcoming specials, new services, a change of hours, or any other business news. In-house magazines can spread the word within the company about individual professional achievements, upcoming events, and more. Publications specifically for physicians can highlight new, innovative medical technology and methods, and employee publications can keep workers in the know, promoting company unity.

Hire healthcare marketing professionals to accurately portray your healthcare organization to the public. These professionals are able to create expertly printed materials with a polished voice that effectively communicates news to current and potential clients, other doctors, and competitors in the field.


Source by Chris A. Harmen

This is Your Brain on Technology – The Effect of Technology on Social Interaction


What did people do with their time 20 years ago? How did we ever manage without personal computers, the Internet, cell phones, iPods and 24 hour cable news? The technological landscape is vastly different these days and scientist are wondering just what that means for our brains.

According to research done last year by UCLA scientist Dr. Gary Small, daily doses of technology may be altering the way the brain functions, particularly in social skills. He suggests that all that screen time may weaken the brain circuits involved in face-to-face interactions. He is concerned that fundamental social skills like reading facial expressions during a conversation are being compromised.

Small is particularly concerned about what he calls the digital native, those in their twenties and younger who have been “digitally hard-wired since toddlerhood.” As he explained in an Associated Press article, the digital native runs the risk of being socially awkward and isolated by their inability to interpret non-verbal messages from people. He is afraid this may be particularly true in the classroom that still relies on traditional verbal instruction along with interaction with the teacher and other students.

Small argues his case in his book “iBrain: Surviving the Technological Altercation of the Modern Mind.” He admits that his research about whether or not all this technology is changing brain circuitry is new and ongoing.

Other studies, in fact, have taken the opposite tact by seeing positive outcomes for technology users. A MacArthur Foundation study found that teens feel very connected to each other through online social networking. The study allayed some parents’ fears that teenagers are vulnerable to online predators the more time they spend socially on the Internet. “The study found that most teenagers steer clear of dangerous sites and use the Web only for research or to communicate with established friends,” according to an article in the Austin-American Statesman.

Parents who are too protective and prohibit computer use for their teens may be keeping their kids out of the broader social loop. The study found that teenagers move between the online social world and the face-to-face interactions with relative ease, one building on the other.

Dr. Maryanne Wolf of Tufts University thinks technology may even affect how people learn to read. Technology requires users to gather information quickly, rather than the more methodical and sophisticated methods of comprehending regular reading material. She is studying if this rapid information gathering could be changing the normal brain pathways formed when reading. She is particularly curious about the affect on young children as technology becomes a more integral component of modern classrooms.

As with any new information technology, like 50 years ago with the inclusion of television to the average American home, there will be curiosity and controversy. It is certainly hard to imagine how our brains waited for the morning paper or the evening news to hear what was going on in the world around us. It seems like each generation has a quicker learning curve when it comes to the latest technology. That could just be human nature, or it could be the circuitry of the brain changing and adapting to the technologically saturated world in which we live.


Source by Jill Black

Project Management: The 3 Major Project Types


1. Civil engineering, construction, petrochemical, mining, and quarrying

Projects in this category are those which spring to mind most readily whenever industrial projects are mentioned. Once common feature is that the fulfillment phase must be conducted on a site that is exposed to the elements, and usually remote from the contractor’s main office.

These projects incur special risks and problems of organization. They often require massive capital investment, and they deserve (but do not always get) rigorous management of progress, finance, and quality.

For very large industrial projects the funding and resources needed are often too great for one contractor to risk or even find. The organization and communications are therefore likely to be complicated by the participation of many different specialists and contractors, with the main players possibly acting together as a consortium or joint venture company.

2. Manufacturing projects

Manufacturing projects aim to produce a piece of equipment or machinery, ship, aircraft, land vehicle or some other item of specially designed hardware. The finished product might be purpose-built for a single customer, or the project could be generated and funded from within a company for the design and development of a new product intended for subsequent manufacture and sale in quantity.

Manufacturing projects are usually conducted in a factory or other home-based environment, where the company should be able to exercise on-the-spot management and provide an optimum environment.

Of course, these ideal conditions do not always apply. Some manufacturing projects can involve work away from the home base, for example in installation, commissioning and start-up, initial customer training and subsequent service and maintenance. More difficult is the case of a complex product (such as an aircraft) that is developed and manufactured by a consortium of companies, very possibly overlapping international borders, with all the consequent problems of risk, contractual difficulties, communication, coordination, and control.

3. Management projects

This class of projects proves the point that every company, whatever its size, can expect to need project management expertise at least once in its lifetime. These are the projects that arise when companies relocate their headquarters, develop and introduce a new computer system, launch a marketing campaign, prepare for a trade exhibition, produce feasibility or other study report, restructure the organization, mount a stage show, or generally engage in any operation that involves the management and coordination of activities to produce an end result that is not identifiable principally as an item of hardware or construction.

Although management projects might not result in a visible, tangible creation, much often depends on their successful outcome. There are well-known cases, for instance, where failure to implement a new computer system correctly has caused serious operational breakdown and has exposed the managers responsible to public discredit. Effective project management is at least as important for these projects as it is for the largest construction or manufacturing project.


Source by John Reynolds

Commercial Office-Space Planning and Future Proofing For Businesses


Businesses are constantly evolving whether it is through expansion, downsizing or reorganization.  With world markets in a state of flux, many commercial and office spaces don’t have the same function as they had, maybe 18 months ago.  Different staff levels, pressures on manufacturing processes and amended working practices often result in an office space feeling disjointed and worn around the edges. 

We all want a working environment which looks and feels great, but sometimes the money isn’t available to spruce things up.  However, there might be a deeper problem that needs considering. As they look to pull out of recession, businesses could find themselves, not only with atheistically dated offices, but without premises capable of expansion or the flexibility to change.  Its no longer just enough to be doing business, they have to be able to function efficiently and without the basic structure in place, they will find it a struggle to keep up with growing demand.

Look around.  What isn’t working?

Companies have understandably shunned investment in their commercial offices over the last few years, looking to invest their available budgets in core manufacturing equipment, or making do with temporary solutions.  These years however have seen huge advances in communication technology and a dramatic reduction in the cost of data storage. This can allow a business to shed bulky filing cabinets and shelves bulging with out-of-date business directories streamlining their archival and information retrieval measures.  Encouraging the use of new technology results in better information recording that speeds up future searches presenting answers in a consistent, digestible format.

Companies are using their new found office space for the increasing trend of having ‘breakout’ areas, or meeting spaces.  They recognize the value of having face-to-face meetings, giving department heads the opportunity to brief employees on changing fortunes, or getting team leaders to motivate staff. This reduces the reliance on lazy internal email practices, and encourages a more effective approach to business that promotes ideas and interaction from the bottom up.

There will always be the need to store equipment, files and stationery in an office environment but rather than bulky cabinets, many companies are looking to storage walls as the solution.  Not only creating clean lines within an office space, they can also offer greater storage with the option to go from floor to ceiling. The crisp finish will inspire even the worst paper hoarders to make an effort and keep the office tidy.

Workstation Efficiency

Extra space can give companies the ideal opportunity to look at the layout of workstations. Cramming staff into a small space is often counter productive, so if new space has been made available through the reorganization of storage areas, then there is the scope to take a fresh look the office space plan.

A study of staff and visitor traffic flows will show a company where areas of high volume and acoustic issues might be an issue. Companies can plan space, taking advantage of natural light sources, data points and power sources enabling them to keep infrastructure work to a minimum.  Workstations can then be situated in the best possible positions and with adequate space between them optimizing the working environment.

Hiding the wires

All offices now come with a plethora of unsightly wires and communications cables.  Good office space planning will include hollow desk legs to hide all visual rubbish and run cables behind walls or above suspended ceilings.  Power and data points need to modern, and the increase in outsourcing will often mean offices now have to accommodate power sockets capable of supporting equipment brought in from the far east or the Indian sub continent.

Conference Rooms and AV Equipment

Good presentation skills are important when attracting new business and conference rooms or meeting areas are a key element in that process.  Media walls, which conceal plasma and LCD screens, are the must for any business taking presentation seriously.  It was great to have a plasma screen 18 months ago and that was enough to make them look state-of-art compared to companies that use projectors, but it now looks dated and awkward if just mounted on an old desk in the corner of the boardroom.

Conference rooms also have to work harder and will often have a dual purpose, such as extra office space for seconded staff, or transforming the space completely to offer lectures or seminars.  They now have to be linked into the main network to avoid all that fumbling around with flash cards trying to load up the ‘company laptop’.

Merging Locations and Changing Spaces

Many businesses have entered what can diplomatically be called a period of ‘consolidation’.  One way to reduce overheads during this time has been the practice of merging locations.  Finding new premises to house both parts of the business, or moving one part of the business into the commercial building of an existing part can achieve this.  Finding a new building can often be the more expensive option, so many are looking to keep one building and making that work for their new staff levels. A good office space planning company will find innovative ways of merging the two parts of the business by examining the complete space and planning where each element would be best placed.  Extra structural expansion might also be needed and they will advise on solutions such as partitioning, mezzanine floors and extensions.

The Commercial Refurbishment Process

If you think your company is looking forward and needs some office space planning input, then most commercial refurbishment companies will offer an initial consultation free of charge.  It’ll be best to ensure this is the case before proceeding in order to avoid any misunderstandings.

The commercial space planning process will start with a study of existing practices and an examination of the future needs of the business. Plans and 3D visuals are then produced in order to finalize the design and are presented with a breakdown of costs and timescales.  Most commercial space planners will also take on any landlord liaison and deal directly with the local planning office.   All that is left for the company to do is plan for the expansion and the increased productivity the well planned office will provide.


Source by Tim Webster

How to Verify the Legitimacy of a Business


Once we find some suppliers we want to deal with, the first question that comes to mind is, “Is this business legitimate?” Some assume that if the business is registered in their country, they can be considered legitimate. This is a wrong assumption. Although there are rules and regulations that apply to different countries when opening a business, following their country’s business protocols does not mean they are honest. In fact, some businesses claim that they were able to acquire necessary documents to operate, but the truth is they do not.

When dealing to any business, it is important that you are very cautious since scammers are very good in gaining our trust. Don’t be fooled when presented with a nice looking business cards, business certificate and registration papers and other proof of business. Having these does not guarantee that they can be trusted.

It is important to gather as much information as you can about a certain business especially if you are in doubt. Do a thorough verification and research first. If you are still in doubt and what you have found about them does not satisfy you, better look for other suppliers that you are comfortable in dealing with.

What are the things you need to check?

First thing you need to verify if they have legitimate contact information. Avoid dealing with businesses that uses post office address or PO Box. Verify the physical address they will be providing you if it really exist. IF they have a phone number, try calling them. If no one answers and you just have to leave your message on an answering machine, stay away. You don’t want to deal with someone whom you cannot contact if you need them, isn’t it?

You can also try verifying if the business is registered with a major business directory. You can do internet search to verify this. Most of time, businesses listed here have undergone verification before they can be included on the list. You can also check if the business is truly licensed by the country it is located. The best thing to do is ask your contact person directly. Ask them if they are member of any business organization, and then make a phone call to the organization to verify their claim.

If the company has a website, browse through it and view the information they provided on the site. Is it organize and professional looking? Or does it look like it was not updated in ages? Check for feedbacks and comment either by searching them online or checking with their local business bureau. You don’t want to deal with companies with several negative comments.

Lastly if they offer unbelievably low price or too good to be true offers, that should serve as a warning sign for you to stay away. Always practice due-diligence when doing business because it is the right thing to do.


Source by Jenilee Maniti

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